Nonlinear LBO Crystal

For high performance infrared imaging systems Germanium(Ge)

Germanium (Ge) is the preferred lens and window material for high performance infrared imaging systems in the 8–12 μm wavelength bands.

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Its high refractive index makes Ge ideal for low power imaging systems because of minimum surface curvature. Chromatic aberration is small, often eliminating the need for correction. Germanium is most widely used for lenses and windows in IR systems operating in the 2μm-12μm range. Germanium is a high index material that is used to manufacture Attenuated Total Reflection (ATR) prisms for spectroscopy. Its refractive index is such that germanium makes an effective natural 50% beamsplitter without the need for coatings. It is also used extensively as a substrate for production of optical filters. Germanium covers the whole of the 8-14 μm thermal bands and is used in lens systems for thermal imaging. It can be AR coated with diamond producing an extremely tough front optic.


Physical and optial properties:

Crystal Type
Cubic
Lattice Parameter
a=5.657Å
Transmission Band
2-12μm
Mohs Hardness
6.3
Density
5.33g/cm3
Melting Point
937 ℃
Refractive Index
4.0032 at 10.6μm
Resistivity
5-40 ohm-cm
Young's Modulus
103 GPa
Thermal Expansion
6.1x10-6/℃
Thermal Conductivity
167mcal/cm/s/k

Specifications:

Material:
Ge
Dimension Tolerance:
+0.0/-0.1mm
Thickness Tolerance:
±0.1mm
Surface quality:
60/40
Clear Aperture:
>85%
Flatness:
λ/2@633nm
Parallelism:
3'



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